Статья 92. Вакансия должности

В случае вакансии должности Президента, невозможности исполнения им своих обязанностей по основаниям, предусмотренным Конституцией, его полномочия до принесения Присяги вновь избранным Президентом исполняет Председатель Верховного Совета. В этом случае, полномочия Председателя Верховного Совета переходят к первому заместителю Председателя Верховного Совета.

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Ро'и Семо / Roi Semo
Ро'и Семо / Roi Semo
3 месяцев назад

[Важное примечание: Я израильтянин, а не белорус — хотя я поддерживаю белорусскую революцию и заинтересован в конституционном праве. Я пишу это с места демонстрации поддержки.
Пожалуйста, обратите внимание, что я не говорю по-русски. Если вы сами не говорите по-английски, я рекомендую воспользоваться переводчиком DeepL (который я использовал для перевода данного сообщения на русский язык).]
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Article 92 should be replaced with these new articles:

Article 92. Acting President

1. Whenever the office of President is vacant or the President is unable to exercise his powers, the Chairman of the Supreme Council shall exercise the powers of the President.

2. If the Chairman of the Supreme Council is also unable to exercise his powers, the Prime Minister and the other members of the Council of Ministers by order of seniority shall successively exercise the powers of the President.

3. Any person who exercises the powers of the President in accordance with this Article shall be suspended from exercising the powers of his or her normal office until he or she no longer exercises the powers of the President.

4. Appointments which have been made or extended by an Acting President shall remain in effect until the elected President terminates them within ninety days of assuming office or resuming the exercise of his or her functions. 

Article 92A. Method for declaring Presidential incapacity

1. A temporary incapacity of the President may be declared by the President on his or her own or by the Council of Ministers.

2. If the Council of Ministers resolves that the President of the Republic is incapacitated, the President may declare that no such incapacity exists. The President of the Republic shall resume the exercise of his or her powers by such declaration.

3. If, within four days of the President’s declaration under paragraph 3, the Council of Ministers resolves that the President is incapacitated, the Supreme Council must determine whether or not the incapacity in question exists within twenty-one days. If the Supreme Council is not in session, it shall be convened especially for this purpose.

4. A decision of the Supreme Council that the President is incapacitated for the purposes of paragraph 3 shall be passed by a two-thirds majority of its constitutional composition. If this majority is not met, the President shall resume the exercise of his powers.

5. The Supreme Council may pass a law under which the powers of the Council of Ministers under paragraph 1 are exercised by a body designated or established for this purpose. The provisions of paragraphs 2 to 4 apply to any body so designated or established.

Article 92B.Serious illness

1. Whenever the President is seriously ill, the public must be informed of his or her health.

2. The Prime Minister and Deputy Prime Ministers, the Ministers of Foreign Affairs, Finance, Defense and Internal Affairs, the Chairman of the Supreme Council, the Leader of the Opposition, the Director of the National Security and Intelligence Service, the Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces, and the Chiefs of the Army and Air Force must be granted access to the President upon request when the President is seriously ill.

Rationale: The current Article 92 is woefully lacking. It doesn’t outline who would act as President in case the Chairman of the Supreme Council is unavailable and offers no procedure to declare the President temporarily incapacitated (Article 90 only allows the Supreme Council to remove a President for a permanent incapacity).
The new Articles would make the issues of Presidential succession much clearer and prevent a case of acephaly (lack of a head of state), which could be a major cause for a constitutional crisis.
Article 92A was inspired by the 25th Amendment to the Constitution of the USA; Paragraph 4 of Article 92, as well as Article 92B, are inspired by the 1987 Constitution of the Philippines.
(In an interesting historical parallel with Belarus today, the 1987 Constitution of the Philippines was adopted after the overthrow of dictator Ferdinand Marcos in 1986 following a revolution led by Corazon Aquino, the wife of opposition leader Ninoy Aquino who was assassinated three years before.)

Ксения
Ксения
Ответить на  Ро'и Семо / Roi Semo
2 месяцев назад

как гражданка Республики Беларусь, прошу обратить внимание на предложения гражданина Израиля. .

Андрей
Андрей
Ответить на  Ро'и Семо / Roi Semo
2 месяцев назад

Тоже поддерживаю гр. Израиля, что вопросы отстранения должны быть расписаны подробнее.

Анонимно
Анонимно
Ответить на  Ро'и Семо / Roi Semo
2 месяцев назад

Good point, but what I question is the overly complicated procedure for appealing the president’s incapacity. I believe it should be simpler: 
1) The Council of Ministers declares the president temporarily incapacitated.
2) The president declares otherwise.
3) Parliament immediately begins to consider both of these statements (Without waiting for a rebuttal from the Council of Ministers). And it should be given a little more time than three weeks to conduct a full investigation (or at least to hear the opinion of doctors after a thorough medical examination of the president). For example, one month or forty days. 
It would also be good to figure out how to determine the temporary incapacity of the prime minister and the president of parliament. 

Ро'и Семо / Roi Semo
Ро'и Семо / Roi Semo
Ответить на  Анонимно
2 месяцев назад

The prodcedure I worte is an exact copy of the USA’s 25th Amendment, but there is room for extending the time for the health investigation.

I think the reason there’s a need for a rebuttal is because the President’s declaration of not being incapacitated isn’t just a way to dispute an incapacity the Council of Ministers saddles him with (for example, the President suddenly enters a coma, the Council of Ministers declares him incapacitated, and the President declares he’s not incapacitated when he wakes up from the coma).

Although, now that I raised this example, I should have added a time-limit for temporary incapacities before they’re considered permanent (like the 100 days rule for the Prime Minister of Israel).

I think the procedure that applies to the Prime Minister and the President of Parliament should be simpler (In other words, the Government determines the Prime Minister’s incapacity on its own, and the Supreme Council determines the President of Parliament on its own), because the Prime Minister is «purely» an executive post and the President of Parliament is a «purely» legislative one, while the President is a «neutral power» that lies outside the legislative/executive/judicial trifecta.

Alena
Alena
Ответить на  Ро'и Семо / Roi Semo
1 месяц назад

Здравствуйте! Спасибо за Ваше предложение.
Статус обращения можно будет отслеживать в таблице: https://bit.ly/NK_prapanovy

Игорь
Игорь
2 месяцев назад

В случае вакансии должности Президента, невозможности исполнения им своих обязанностей по основаниям, предусмотренным Конституцией, его обязанности до принесения Присяги вновь избранным Президентом исполняет Председатель Верховного Совета. При этом утверждение проектов законов от имени должности Президента лицом,исполняющим обязанности Президента, не допускается.

В данном случае, временное исполнение обязанностей Председателя Верховного Совета возлагается на первого заместителя Председателя Верховного Совета.

Alena
Alena
Ответить на  Игорь
1 месяц назад

Здравствуйте! Спасибо за Ваше предложение.
Статус обращения можно будет отслеживать в таблице: https://bit.ly/NK_prapanovy

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