Статья 119

Статья 119.
В случае вакансии должности Президента, невозможности исполнения им своих обязанностей по основаниям, предусмотренным Конституцией, его полномочия до принесения Присяги вновь избранным Президентом исполняет Председатель Верховного Совета. В этом случае, полномочия Председателя Верховного Совета переходят к первому заместителю Председателя Верховного Совета.

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Ро'и Семо / Roi Semo
Ро'и Семо / Roi Semo
2 месяцев назад

[Важное примечание: Я израильтянин, а не белорус — хотя я поддерживаю белорусскую революцию и заинтересован в конституционном праве. Я пишу это с места демонстрации поддержки.

Пожалуйста, обратите внимание, что я не говорю по-русски. Если вы сами не говорите по-английски, я рекомендую воспользоваться переводчиком DeepL (который я использовал для перевода данного сообщения на русский язык).]

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This article should be replaced with

Article 119. Whenever the office of President is vacant or the President is unable to exercise his powers, the Chairman of the Supreme Council shall exercise the powers of the President.

If the Chairman of the Supreme Council is also unable to exercise his powers, the Prime Minister and the other members of the Council of Ministers by order of seniority shall successively exercise the powers of the President.

Any person who exercises the powers of the President in accordance with this Article shall be suspended from exercising the powers of his or her normal office until he or she no longer exercises the powers of the President.

Appointments which have been extended by an Acting President shall remain in effect until the elected President terminates them within ninety days of assuming office or resuming the exercise of his or her functions.

Article 119-1. A temporary incapacity of the President may be declared by the President on his or her own or by the Council of Ministers.
If the Council of Ministers resolves that the President is incapacitated, the President may declare that no such incapacity exists. The President shall resume the exercise of his or her powers by such declaration.

If, within four days of the President’s declaration under paragraph 3, the Council of Ministers resolves that the President is incapacitated, the Supreme Council must determine whether or not the incapacity in question exists within twenty-one days. If the Supreme Council is not in session, it shall be convened especially for this purpose.

A decision of the Supreme Council that the President is incapacitated for the purposes of paragraph 3 shall be passed by a two-thirds majority of its constitutional composition. If this majority is not met, the President shall resume the exercise of his powers.

The Supreme Council may pass a law under which the powers of the Council of Ministers under paragraph 1 are exercised by a body designated or established for this purpose. The provisions of paragraphs 2 to 4 apply to any body so designated or established.

Article 119-2. Whenever the President is seriously ill, the public must be informed of his or her health.

The Prime Minister and Deputy Prime Ministers, the Ministers of Foreign Affairs, Finance, Defense and Internal Affairs, the Chairman of the Supreme Council, the Leader of the Opposition, the Director of the National Security and Intelligence Service, the Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces, and the Chiefs of the Army and Air Force must be granted access to the President upon request when the President is seriously ill.

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These articles would make presidential succession much clearer and prevent a state of acephaly (lack of a head of state), which is a potential cause of constitutional crises and even actually caused some (for example, in Peru in 2020)

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